Minggu, 15 Oktober 2017


A reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata) and a Rothschild's giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi), two giraffe subspecies, photographed at Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure in Salina, Kansas

Giraffa camelopardalis distribution2.png
Range map of extant Giraffa species.
The giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) are an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest living terrestrial animal, and the largest ruminant. They are specific name refers to its camel-like face and patches of color on a light background, which bears a vague resemblance to a leopard's spots. The giraffes are also noted for its extremely long neck and legs and prominent horns. They stand 5–6 m (16–20 ft) tall and have an average weight of 1,200 kg (2,600 lb) for males and 830 kg (1,800 lb) for females. they are classified under the family Giraffidae, along with its closest extant relative, the okapi. There are nine subspecies, which differ in size, coloration, pattern, and range.

Giraffes are the world's tallest mammals, thanks to their towering legs and long necks. A giraffe's legs alone are taller than many humans—about 6 feets. These long legs allow giraffes to run as fast as 35 miles an hour over short distances and cruise comfortably at 10 miles an hour over longer distances.

Giraffes have spots covering their entire bodies, except their underbellies, with each giraffe having a unique pattern of spots. Giraffes have long necks, which they use to browse the leaves of trees. They also have slightly elongated forelegs, about 10% longer than their hind legs. Like nearly all mammals, a giraffe has seven neck vertebrae, which are extremely elongated. These bones produce bud like horns called ossicones.

Typically, these fascinating animals roam the open grasslands in small groups of about half a dozen.
Bulls sometimes battle one another by butting their long necks and heads. Such contests aren't usually dangerous and end when one animal submits and walks away.
Giraffes use their height to good advantage and browse on leaves and buds in treetops that few other animals can reach (acacias are a favorite). Even the giraffe's tongue is long! The 21-inch tongue helps them pluck tasty morsels from branches. Giraffes eat most of the time and, like cows, regurgitate food and chew it as cud. A giraffe eats hundreds of pounds of leaves each week and must travel miles to find enough food.
The giraffe's height also helps it to keep a sharp lookout for predators across the wide expanse of the African savanna.
The giraffe's stature can be a disadvantage as well—it is difficult and dangerous for a giraffe to drink at a waterhole. To do so they must spread their legs and bend down in an awkward position that makes them vulnerable to predators like Africa's big cats. Giraffes only need to drink once every several days; they get most of their water from the luscious plants they eat.
Female giraffes give birth standing up. Their young endure a rather rude welcome into the world by falling more than 5 feet to the ground at birth. These infants can stand in half an hour and run with their mothers an incredible ten hours after birth.
The extinct giraffid Samotherium (middle) in comparison with the okapi (below) and giraffe. The anatomy of Samotheriumappears to have shown a transition to a giraffe-like neck.[13]
Giraffes have high adult survival probability, and an unusually long lifespan compared to other ruminants, up to 25 years in the wild. Because of their size, eyesight and powerful kicks, adult giraffes are usually not subject to predation, aside from lions. Giraffes are the most common prey for the big cats in Kruger National Park. Nile crocodiles can also be a threat to giraffes when they bend down to drink. Calves are much more vulnerable than adults and are additionally preyed on by leopardsspotted hyenas, and wild dogs. A quarter to a half of giraffe calves reaches adulthood. Calf survival varies according to the season of birth, with calves born during the dry season having higher survival rates. The local, seasonal presence of large herds of migratory wildebeests and zebras reduces predation pressure on giraffe calves and increases their survival probability.
Some parasites feed on giraffes. They often host for ticks, especially in the area around the genitals, which has thinner skin than other areas. Tick species that commonly feed on giraffes are those of genera HyalommaAmblyomma and Rhipicephalus. Giraffes may rely on red-billed and yellow-billed oxpeckers to clean them of ticks and alert them to danger. Giraffes host numerous species of internal parasite and are susceptible to various diseases. They were victims of the (now eradicated) viral illness rinderpest.[7] Giraffes can also suffer from a skin disorder, which comes in the form of wrinkles, lesions or raw fissures. It appears to be caused by a nematode and may be further affected by fungal infections. As much as 79% of giraffes show signs of the disease in Ruaha National Park.
Giraffes have beautiful spotted coats. While no two individuals have exactly the same pattern, giraffes from the same area appear similar.

Masai giraffe killed by tribesmen in German East Africa during the early 20th century
Up until recently, the consensus has been there is only one species of giraffe with multiple subspecies. In 2016, some scientists released a study that claims genetic differences among giraffe populations indicate the existence of four distinct giraffe species.

Minggu, 08 Oktober 2017

United Kingdom Tourism

This is our video about United Kingdom tourism. Don't forget to watch our videoand subsribe below!

Video description:
I hope after seeing this video you wanna holiday in United Kingdom. Beside having holiday in United kingdom we can improve our English skill because English language is one of important language in the word. This video is made by me and my friend to finish our task in English lesson.

Kamis, 05 Oktober 2017

Last week, on 21-23 September (thursday until saturday activities make me lose 2 days these off to holiday), my school, 3 Senior High School Bandung in collaboration with Infantry. Purpuse infantry collaboration with my school to organize student basic leadership training. This activity is compulsory for 10th grade students(for generation 2017-2018). This activity held to improve discipline, responsibility, leadership, teamwork,and citizenship of students. In this activity, we must do everything fast, including eating and bathing.For eating we are given ten minutes and for bathing 5-8 minutes maybe . This activity was held on “Pussenif” (Pusat Kesenjataan Infanteri/ center of infantry weaponry) which located on Supratman Street, Bandung.
            On the first day, We arrived at Pussenif 6:30am. Student who bring handphone and/or watch must collect their cell phone and/or watch to box who have been prepared. After that, we held a flag ceremony beside that activity we are divided groud with absen method. After divided group, we listened mandate from the headmaster of 3 Senior High School Bandung and commander of Pussenif, Rubiono Prawiro in the convention hall. In the afternoon, we placed our bags in the barrack. On the first day, we got a lot of material about citizenship. We listened to the speaker in the convention hall until 10pm.Then many senior student gave us many lesson to more efficient.  In the afternoon, male student who has thick hair, should be cut. We went to bed on about 10:30pm.
            On the second day morning. Sudenly we are woken up by infantry on 02.00 am to make line in front of barracks and we are cheked by infantry to see compliteness of equipmen.If Someone who not complite of the equipment will get the punishment. Fortunitely I didnt get the punish ment because my equipment is complite. Then we prayed Tahajud to gether on 04.00 am we did morning gymnastic on about 5:30 am. On that day, we got a lot of material about line of march from morning to evening. In the evening, we all went to Taman Makam Pahlawan (cemetery garden of national heroes) which located on Cikutra street. We went there on foot. On there, we did “Caraka Malam”, we must enter the cemetery, with 2 or 3 friends with no light or candle. We also pray together after that. We went back to Pussenif on about 1:30am on the next day.

            On the last day, we did some outbound activity that improved stamina, power, and teamwork from morning to afternoon. In one of outbound I got punishment because I did fault in bridge made of ropes. My punishment is down to soil and say to dont do with fault again loudly. After that we watched G30S PKI film. In the afternoon. After that, we held a ceremony. We demonstrated our line up capability. After the ceremony, we got a participation certificate. We also got our cell phones and watches back. We took some photos before we went home. That was a great, impressive, and unforgettable experience I ever experienced. After this training made sudents 3 senior high school become bald.

Before strating leadership training
After starting leadership training

Senin, 21 Agustus 2017

Daffa planing
Planing for the next Holiday
Daffa      : “hello luqman, how are you today”
Luqman :  “I am fine and you”
Daffa      :   “I am fine too.”
Luqman : “Do you have any plan for the next holiday?”
Daffa      : “Yes, I have. I am going to Singapore with my family ”
Luqman : “whoa What an interesting plan.which destination do you wanna go”
Daffa      : “I will go to Marina bay sands, Singapore Flyer,
                    Gardens ny the Bay, Botanic Gardens, Chinatown , Little India and Arab street, Raffles Hotel, and Singapore zoo”
Luqman :  “How do  you go there?, and Who will accompany you?
Daffa      :  “I will go there My friends use air plane”
Luqman :  “Why do yo go to Singapore without your family?
Daffa      :  “because I wanna get experience"
Luqman  :  

Senin, 14 Agustus 2017

when I was first in junior high school
 I want to tell you a story from when I was in 7th grade at junior high school 5 bandung and I was 13. When I got home from school at 5 pm because I have group work. I ride public transport. The public vehicle I ride is an city transport kalapa ledeng track. I go up that leads to kalapa.I got off in asia afrika. I waited for the cicaheum to cibeureum bus at 5:10. After waiting for a while the bus then arrives. 

 On the bus I sat sleeping. I got off at the eagle stop near the supermarket at about 6 o'clock. I stopped by the nephew's home to pray and eat until 6.30. After some time at home nephew I went home to my parents who reside margaasih. I ride city transport ciroyom to margaasih track. I spent time in angkot by listening to music and sleeping.

 When I have reached bumi asri I call my mother "Assalamualaikum mom can you pick up me in bumi asri" to be picked up by motorcycle . My mother replied "I can not pick you up because at home no motor because it is used by your sister". I answer "Ok I will walk to home" Answer "Ok you must be careful" at 7.30.

 At that time there was no motor at home. I am very confused because there is no city transport cimindi margaasih track. There is no City transport cimindi margaasih because it has passed at 6.00. I then walk from bumi asri to the margaasih.

 When I'm walking I suddenly there is someone rider approaching me. He offered me a ride. Then I accepted the offer. I was escorted by the rider to the highway near the house.
 Then I thank you very much. At that time I was very grateful because there are people who want to help me and I will not come home in the afternoon anymore.
 Image result for go home

Senin, 07 Agustus 2017


Image result for conversation animation

One day at senior high school 3 Bandung, luqman met vivaldi. they introduce themselves.This is the first time they met each other because this is their new school. They are one classroom at 10 Science 3.  

L        : “Hello!Good morning”
V        : “Morning!”

L        : “hello! I am luqman Ardiseno  you can call me luqman May I know  your name please?
V       :” Sure , I am Vivaldi you can call me Valdi I am from Bandung
L        : “ I am from bandung. I live at rajawali street number 4. Where do you live?
V       : “ I live at setiabudi street no. 235”
L        : “How old are you?
V       : “I am 14 years old, and you?”
L        : “I am 16 years old”
V       : “What’syou hobby?”
L        : “I like to sleep,and you”
V       : “My hobby is watching tv”
L        : “Do  you like playing games?”
Image result for codV       : “Yes, I ply some of it.”
L        : “What games?”
V       :”I play COD : Infinite Warfare, Over watch, and Adventure Quest. How about you?”

L        : “I just  play CS GO” 
Image result for csgoV       : “Let’s play together some times!”
L        : “What’s your favorite food?
V       : “I like to eat fried chicken and sushi,and you?
L        : “I like to eat meat ball.”

L       : “Do you have line?
V       : “Yes I have”
L       : “What’s your ID?
V       : “vivaldiahmad and you”
L       : “luqmanruv”

L        : “Pleased to meet you”
V       : “Pleased to meet you, too"


GIRAFFE  A reticulated giraffe ( Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata ) and a Rothschild's giraffe ( Giraffa camelopardalis rothschil...